News » Hypoma 1 and Hypoma 2: Superior Peanut Variety Resistant to Leaf Spot and Rust

(hms/Jan 09, 2012)

The increase in peanut production continues to be done in order to meet the domestic shortage production. The barriers to improve production these recent years are the impact of climate change that could lead to drought and diseases in peanuts. One of the major biotic problems of peanut plant is leaf spot and leaf rust diseases and a-biotic problem is drought in the late period of its growth due to the changing season from rainy season to dry season which occurs explicitly. Peanut plant breeding activities toward the improvement of productivity and resistance to some of the problems mentioned above continue to be made; Hypoma1 and Hypoma2 are two names of superior new varieties released at the end of 2011.

Hypoma 1 is adaptive in optimal environment, with potential yield 3.70 t / ha dry pods (national average of 2 t / ha). The variety is slightly resistant to leaf rust and leaf spot diseases as well as slightly resistant to wilt bacteria disease (Ralstonia solanacearum). Hypoma 2 variety has good adaptive power especially in environments with limited rain season which often leads to peanut plants experiencing drought stress on the generative phase. Hypoma 2 has potential yielding reached 3.50 t / ha dry pods (the national average of 2 t / ha), resistant and slightly resistant to leaf rust and leaf spot disease.

Hypoma 1 and Hypoma 2 peanuts variety are classified to the Spanish type (two seeds / pods), medium sized pod and seed, rose-colored seed’s epidermis, and aged between 90-91 days. With such characters both varieties can be planted in wet areas with a short number of months, or areas that have climate type D. Besides that, the super early yielding peanuts – medium is going to increase the intensity of harvest and protected from dryness.