News » Agricultural Sector: Susceptible to Climate Change

(hms/Dec 28, 2011)

JAKARTA - The impact of climate change which is a necessity and is triggered by human activity, has been keenly felt such as the changes in rainfall patterns and the uncertain of the beginning of rainy and dry seasons. The climatic conditions causing disruptions in cropping patterns and farm activities, increased droughts threat, floods and crop pests (OPT). It's all very real impact on agricultural production even crop failure, especially food crops and horticulture.

The Indonesian Agency for Agriculture Research and Development (IAARD) launched Innovative Products of land Resources related to Climate Change at Bidakara Hotel, Jakarta, Wednesday (28/12/2011). Director General IAARD Dr. Haryono in his speech said that agriculture is the most threatened sector, suffered and susceptible to climate change, therefore adaptation and mitigation efforts became very important and principal. On the other side agriculture also contributes to the green house emission even though relatively small, but still has major role and potential to mitigation. The most important thing Dr. Haryono mentioned in his speech was the follow-up of the innovative product launch which includes socialization and validation to users.

Climate change is a process that happens continuously. How big the impact of it to the agriculture sector depends on the level and rate of the climate change on one side and nature and flexibility of resources and agricultural production systems on the other side. Therefore, anticipation strategy and preparation of adaptation and mitigation technologies are directed to: (a) the main achievement of rescue efforts for agricultural development, (b) agriculture development resistant to climate change, (c) as an integral part of the agriculture development program which has been planned.

The government of Indonesia commits to decrease the green house emission of 26 – 41 % until 2010. Even though minor, the agriculture sectors contribute to the cause of climate change, victim, and the most vulnerable to climate change itself. Even though the main priority of handling the climate change in the agriculture sector is adaptation, but the sector itself is potential and contributes to the climate change mitigation.

So far, the national and international’s concerns and policy are dominated by aspects related to mitigation, whereas adaptation aspect to decrease the impact and resistance to climate change are no less important. Adaptation generally impacts locally, while mitigation is more global therefore the international’s concern and policy tend to prioritized mitigation.

The innovative product launch which was attended by institutions related to climate change such as Meteorological, Climatological and Geophysics Agency, National Development Planning Agency, Deputy of Damage Control Environment and Climate Change Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Research and Technology, Universities, Echelon 1 of Ministry of Agriculture, and Echelon 2&3 of IAARD at least launched nine innovative products which was meant to:

-       Introduce the Integrated Cropping Calendar as one of the important tools in adjusting the food crop planting pattern with the climate change

-      Conveyed information on direction, strategy, and policy of agriculture sector on climate change in the form of Road Map to the stakeholders and related party.

-   Conveyed General Information on climate change adaptation and mitigation, several technical guidelines related to green house emission and peat land management, also peat land map.

With the launch of the innovative products, it is expected that farmers won’t have to worry in facing climate change, so that planting patterns can be readily adapted to crop planting calendar.

Source: Indonesian Center for Agricultural Land Resources Research and Development (ICALRRD)