News » The Ahang Adro and the Loker Telun Berasap are Local Chili Varieties from Jambi Province

(adm/Aug 09, 2018)

The Ahang Adro and the Lockers Telun Berasap are the local chili varieties that commonly cultivate at Kerinci District in Jambi province. Each of those varieties have its own peculiarities. Thus, it must be preserved as a local genetic resource.

The Ahang Adro is one kind of the chili that is usually cultivated at Kerinci Sub-district precisely at the Lubuk Pauh village in Gunung Tujuh District. It has special characteristics such as black stems and resistances to curly disease. Moreover, it developed in Kerinci District since 2002. The other characteristics such as the height reaches 120.4 cm from the ground and the color is blackish green. Also, the color of the leaf is green, the color of ripe fruit is red, and it has long fruits from 16 to 23 cm and has harvest time around 120-30 days after planting. Furthermore, it can keep at room temperature for 9-16 days after harvest and has fruit yield per hectare around 22-28 tons.

Another chili, the Loker Telun Berasap has been known by farmers since 2004. It is developing in almost all Sub-districts which are the centers of red chili in Kerinci District. The spread of the Loker Telun Berasap variety is quiet good because the role of breeders who continue to produce seeds to maintain the availability seeds in the field. Additionally, this variety is resistant with Antraknose. However, this variety has ability to adapt both in the rainy and dry seasons. The shelf-life of this variety takes longer than the Ahang Adro variety, and it can be stored for 21 days after harvest. The high of this variety can reach 182 cm from the ground, and has fruit yield per hectare around 16.8-32 tons.

Because of increasing demand of chili from year to year, it encourages farmers to cultivate the chili. As a result, farmers gain more benefit than before. Indirectly, the demand of the superior varieties seeds will increase. To get an optimal production, farmers prefer to use the superior varieties seeds. Increasing of red chili consumption must be followed by increasing the production. Moreover, the production is affected by harvest area and productivity.

The productivity of red chili is largely determined by the agro-ecological conditions and adaptive abilities of a cultivar. Excellent varieties in an area are not necessarily superior in other areas because those varieties may be influenced by environmental factors such as the nutrients of soil. Therefore, the chili farmers in Jambi Province, especially Kerinci Sub-dsitrict prefer to use local varieties. 

In conclusion, it is necessary to preserve and utilize site-specific local genetic resources. Thus, the presence of the local varieties can be preserve and are not destroy.(AW)

ahang adro