News » IAARD Conducted a Rice Adaptation Trial from Asean

(adm/Feb 08, 2019)

KAPUAS - Indonesian Agency for Agricultural Research and Development (IAARD) through Indonesian Center for Agricultural Biotechnology and Genetic Resource Research and Development (ICABIOGRD) and the Central Kalimantan Assessment Institute for Agricultural Technology (AIAT) conducted a rice adaptation trial from Malaysia, the Philippines and Laos at the Tatas Field Experimental Station, Kapuas Regency, Central Kalimantan. This activity was a part of Benefit from sharing funds for the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (BSF-ITPGRFA/FAO) research activities which is intended to evaluate local rice and superior varieties from the three ASEAN countries.

According to ICABIOGRD Researcher, Dr. Puji Lestari, there are 94 local rice and superior varieties were tested in this swamp area. Based on the results of the adaptation trial, there are several rice lines and varieties that have good performance and growth. "We still need more time to be able to make conclusion which rice lines are adaptive in this areas because this is still in initial stage. We will do replanting for these rice lines and varieties”, Puji said on Wednesday (02/06/2019). "At this time the farmers are still choosing the rice lines they like, then the farmers will cultivate directly on their land. Then we will see the second planting results and finally be able to conclude which rice lines are resistant and adapted to the desired land area," added Puji explained.

Central Kalimantan AIAT researcher Dr. Susilawati said that “Land character in the Kapuas District was dominated by type B tidal land with overflow or a high inundation of less than 50 cm, this area was potential for rice farming. For this reason, the purpose of this adaptation trial was to identify suitability of the rice plants characteristics with the land area. Based on the data we have collected, 60 percent of 94 rice lines and varieties are preferred by farmers in swamp land, especially for slender and long rice grain." This statement was also recognized by one of the farmers, Mujiono. Mujiono was satisfied with the rice character which he planted in the swamp land. "Some types of rice have high advantages, such asgood number of tillers, good number of panicles, resistance to pests, good grain shape and color, and better aroma," Mujiono explained. Although satisfied with several types of rice, Mujiono does not deny that some rice lines and varieties were not preferred by farmer because it has high trunk characters, a small number of tillers and long cultivated period. "We are very ready to adopt and develop rice varieties that have good character especially for short cultivated period rice variety, because we have unpleasant experience in cultivation paddy for one year cultivated period, but this variety has only three months cultivated period," Muji added.

Head of Central Kalimantan AIAT, Dr. Fery Fahrudin Munir gave full support to the efforts for developing Asean rice. According to him, rice variety that has superior character should be developed. "If it is superior, according to the direction of the Minister of Agriculture, we need to develop it. What is important is that we have to concern with the rule and policy when developing rice variety from other countries," said Dr. Fery Fahrudin Munir. “We involve farmers to identify the physical appearance and taste trial for developing desired varieties. In the future we will also involve related institutions such as seed certification centers and other agencies," he concluded. (AB/AS)

Adaptation Trial